This is according to a preliminary report of the Commission’s Market Inquiry into Land Based Public Passenger Transport.
The changes are aimed at facilitating better competition between metered taxis and e-hailing services like Uber and Bolt.
The report recommends amendments to legislation with regards to area restrictions and pricing structure, as well as an overhaul of the system for issuing operating documents.
No operating licenses
A key concern indicated by the Commission was the prevalence of e-hailing drivers who provide services without the necessary operating licenses.
Part of Section 66 of the NLTA stipulates that both metered taxi operators and e-hailing services are required to apply for an area-based operating license which defines a radius within which they are allowed to operate, as well as allocated taxi ranks, terminals, pick-up, and drop-off points.
The Commission found that between 35% and 55% of Uber drivers operated without a valid operating license in major cities, while the figure rose to between 70% and 95% of Bolt operators.
One of the reasons for this is because e-hailing apps allow drivers to connect to the nearest passenger outside their municipal boundaries, which is in violation of the operating license conditions.
This is a sources of conflict between metered taxi operators and e-hailing drivers, as the former believes it establishes a regulatory environment that creates un uneven competitive field.
“At an operational level, metered taxis comply with the legislative restrictions imposed on their licences and operate within the defined radius,” the report said.
Uber’s price advantage
The Commission found that Uber enjoyed a significant price advantage over metered taxis, particularly for short trips.
“The comparison of prices between e-hailing services and metered taxis may vary from 100 to 200 per cent depending on the distance and time of travel,” the report stated.
“Irrespective of the distance, Uber prices remain significantly lower than metered taxis,” the Commission added.
It listed a few examples of price discrepancies for the same trips in the table below.